Function of the liver

Option D3

Essential idea: The chemical composition of the blood is regulated by the liver.

Understandings

D.3.U1 The liver removes toxins from the blood and detoxifies them

Detoxification of toxins in the liver

Detoxification of toxins in the liver explained

D.3.U2 Components of red blood cells are recycled by the liver

Components of hemoglobin

D.3.U3 The breakdown of erythrocytes starts with phagocytosis of red blood cells by Kupffer cells.

Kupffer cell phagocytosis of RBC

D.3.U4 Iron is carried the bone marrow to produce hemoglobin in new red blood cells

Iron and new red blood cells

D.3.U5 Surplus cholesterol is converted to bile salts

Production of bile salts

D.3.U6 Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus in hepatocytes produce plasma proteins

Hepatocyte producing plasma proteins

D.3.U7 The liver intercepts blood from the gut to regulate nutrient levels

Nutrient regulation by the liver

D.3.U8 Some nutrients in excess can be stored in the liver

Material egested

Applications

D.3.A1 Causes and consequences of jaundice

Jaundice: Causes and Consequences
Consequences of jaundice

D.3.A2 Dual blood supply to the liver and differences between sinusoids and capillaries

Blood flow through the liver

Difference between capillaries and sinusoids
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